I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 Nov 2020 - 20 Nov 2020

Pharmacology/Drug Development


2020 Nov 18

Expert Rev Neurother

Drug Profile: Galcanezumab for Prevention of Cluster Headache.


Mudugal D, Monteith TS
Expert Rev Neurother. 2020 Nov 18.
PMID: 33206562.


Introduction Cluster headache [CH] is a severely disabling trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia [TAC]. Approximately 1 in 1,000 adults are affected by CH. Calcitonin gene related peptide [CGRP] is an important mediator in the pathophysiology of CH. Galcanezumab is a monoclonal antibody with an affinity for the CGRP peptide, FDA approved for prevention of episodic CH. Areas covered Search words queried were 'cluster headache', 'cluster headache and CGRP', 'cluster headache and galcanezumab'. Over 99 articles in Pubmed and prescribing information for galcanezumab was reviewed. Some of the data pertaining to CH trials with fremanezumab were reviewed using clinical trials.org. Expert opinion Galcanezumab has shown benefit in decreasing weekly frequency of CH attacks across week 1 through week 3 in patients with CH; 8.7 attacks in the galcanezumab group, as compared with 5.2 in the placebo group (95% confidence interval, 0.2 to 6.7; P = 0.04). It has a favorable risk benefit ratio. The prevention of CH with CGRP inhibition represents a novel advance for a condition with a significant unmet need. The negative trial results of galcanezumab for chronic cluster headache [CCH] may be due to the refractory nature and sheds light on the critical need to investigate the underlying biology and therapeutic options.