The purpose of this study was to assess Analgesia/Nociception Index (ANI) and bispectral index (BIS) variations in supine and prone position during closed-tracheal suction in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring myorelaxation and prone positioning. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 15 patients hospitalized in ICU for severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring sedation, myorelaxation and prone positioning. The BIS, instant ANI (ANIi), mean ANI (ANIm), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and SpO were retrieved in supine and prone position 1 min before tracheal suction then every minute from the beginning of tracheal suction during 4 min and compared using ANOVA for repeated measures (p < 0.05 considered as statistically significant). Both ANIm and ANIi decreased significantly during tracheal suction with no difference between positions, whereas BIS showed no significant variation within time and between groups. The median [Q1-Q3] ANIm value decreased from 87 [68-98] to 79 [63-09] in supine position and from 79 [63-95] to 78 [66-98] in prone position 2 min after the beginning of tracheal suction. The median [Q1-Q3] ANIi value decreased earlier 1 min after the beginning of tracheal suction from 84 [69-98] to 73 [60-90] in supine position and from 84 [60-99] to 71 [51-88] in prone position. Both HR, SBP and SpO varied modestly but significantly during tracheal suction with no difference between positions. Monitoring ANI, but not BIS, may be of interest to detect noxious stimuli such as tracheal suction in ICU myorelaxed patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring prone positioning.