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Papers: 7 Nov 2020 - 13 Nov 2020

Animal Studies


2020 Nov 10

Eur J Neurosci

Responsivity to light in familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 mutant mice reveals frequency-dependent enhancement of visual network excitability.


Perenboom MJL, Schenke M, Ferrari MD, Terwindt GM, van den Maagdenberg AMJM, Tolner EA
Eur J Neurosci. 2020 Nov 10.
PMID: 33170971.


Migraine patients often report (inter)ictal hypersensitivity to light, but the underlying mechanisms remain an enigma. Both hypo- and hyperresponsivity of the visual network have been reported, which may reflect either intra-individual dynamics of the network or large inter-individual variation in the measurement of human visual evoked potential data. Therefore, we studied visual system responsivity in freely behaving mice using combined epidural electroencephalography and intracortical multi-unit activity to reduce variation in recordings and gain insight in visual cortex dynamics. For better clinical translation, we investigated transgenic mice that carry the human pathogenic R192Q missense mutation in the α subunit of voltage-gated Ca 2.1 Ca channels leading to enhanced neurotransmission and familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 in patients. Visual evoked potentials were studied in response to visual stimulation paradigms with flashes of light. Following intensity-dependent visual stimulation, FHM1 mutant mice displayed faster visual evoked potential responses, with lower initial amplitude, followed by less pronounced neuronal suppression compared to wild-type mice. Similar to what was reported for migraine patients, frequency-dependent stimulation in mutant mice revealed enhanced photic drive in the EEG beta-gamma band. The frequency-dependent increases in visual network responses in mutant mice may reflect context-dependent enhancement of visual cortex excitability, which could contribute to our understanding of sensory hypersensitivity in migraine.