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Papers of the Week

2020 Nov 03

BMJ Case Rep



Simultaneous bilateral revision total knee arthroplasty following infection.


Wan J, Larsen MP, Panwalkar P, Mofidi A
BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Nov 03; 13(11).
PMID: 33148580.


A 65-year old man presented with 6-week history of bilateral knee pain and swelling, with difficulty mobilising. He had bilateral total knee arthroplasties in situ performed 5 years prior complicated by postoperative wound infection. Bilateral synovial fluid cultures were positive for , and extensive investigations had not identified an extra-articular source of infection. Failing debridement antibiotic and implant retention procedure, the patient underwent a simultaneous bilateral 2-stage revision with articulated cement spacers impregnated with vancomycin and gentamycin. The patient received 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics after each stage. is a nutritiously fastidious organism, posing a challenge for clinical laboratories to isolate and perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing, yet prosthetic joint infections caused by are scarce in literature and present atypically with subacute signs of chronic infection. This poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, and two-stage revision is the only documented treatment that successfully eradicates the infection.