Chronic pain is a significant risk factor for suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior (SB), including a 20-40% prevalence rate of SI, a prevalence between 5-14% of suicidal attempts (SA), and a doubled risk of death by suicide in patients with chronic pain compared to controls. In most studies, associations between chronic pain and suicidality are robust even after adjusting for the effect of socio-demographics and psychiatric comorbidity, and particularly for depressive conditions. A number of specific conditions that can modulate suicidality risk in patients with chronic pain have been investigated, but there is a need for their more specific characterization. Numerous recent studies have shown that demoralization and Meaning in Life (MiL) constructs affect suicidality, as risk and protective factors, respectively. These constructs have been mainly investigated in patients with somatic illness and in community-dwelling individuals who may present with SI or SB independently of a psychiatric diagnosis of depression. However, a paucity of studies investigated them in suicidal patients affected by chronic pain.