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Papers of the Week

Papers: 31 Oct 2020 - 6 Nov 2020

Animal Studies


2020 Oct 30


Microglia-Astrocyte Cross Talk through IL-18/IL-18R Signaling Modulates Migraine-like Behavior in Experimental Models of Migraine.


Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an important regulator of innate and immune responses, and is involved in the pain process, including neuropathic and cancer pain. The current study demonstrated that inflammatory soup (IS) dural infusions elicited the activation of microglia and astrocytes. In comparison, IS dural infusions induced the upregulation of IL-18 and IL-18R in microglia and astrocytes, respectively. Blocking the IL-18 signaling pathway attenuated nociceptive behavior. In comparison, blocking IL-18 signaling also suppressed the activation of astrocytes and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). IL-18 dural infusions induced nociceptive behavior and glia activation. IL-18 is a product of the activation of microglial toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and it acted on IL-18R expressed in astrocytes. Subsequently, it stimulated the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), leading to the activation of astrocytes. In conclusion, IL-18-mediated microglia/astrocyte interactions in the medullary dorsal horn likely contribute to the development of hyperpathia or allodynia induced by migraines.