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Papers of the Week

2020 Jan-Dec

Mol Pain


Involvement of cannabinoid type 1 receptor in fasting-induced analgesia.


Lee J-Y, Lee GJ, Nakamura A, Lee P R, Kim Y, Won C H, Furue H, Oh S B
Mol Pain. 2020 Jan-Dec; 16:1744806920969476.
PMID: 33121353.


The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is known to modulate not only food intake but also pain, especially via the cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1R) expressed throughout the central nervous system and the peripheral tissues. Our previous study demonstrated that fasting produces an analgesic effect in adult male mice, which is reversed by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of CB1R antagonist (SR 141716). In the present study, we further examined the effect of CB1R expressed in the peripheral tissues. In the formalin-induced inflammatory pain model, i.p. administration of peripherally restricted CB1R antagonist (AM 6545) reversed fasting-induced analgesia. However, intraplantar administration of SR 141716 did not affect fasting-induced analgesia. Furthermore, mRNA expression of CB1R did not change in the formalin model by fasting in the dorsal root ganglia. The formalin-induced c-Fos expression at the spinal cord level was not affected by fasting, and recording from the superficial dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord revealed that fasting did not affect formalin-induced neural activity, which indicates minimal involvement of the spinal cord in fasting-induced analgesia. Finally, when we performed subdiaphragmatic vagotomy to block the hunger signal from the gastrointestinal (GI) system, AM 6545 did not affect fasting-induced analgesia, but SR 141716 still reversed fasting-induced analgesia. Taken together, our results suggest that both peripheral and central CB1Rs contribute to fasting-induced analgesic effects and the CB1Rs in the GI system which transmit fasting signals to the brain, rather than those in the peripheral sensory neurons, may contribute to fasting-induced analgesic effects.