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Surg Neurol Int


Hydrocephalus in children – A rare case of pineal cavernoma and literature review.


Nogueira R M, Cardoso L S, Fonseca L, Correia M, Iraneta A, Roque P, Matos M, Mafra M
Surg Neurol Int. 2020; 11:294.
PMID: 33093971.


Cavernous malformations prevalence ranges from 0.4 to 0.6% and accounts for 5-15% of all central nervous system vascular malformations. Pineal cavernomas constitute <1% of all locations published in the literature, with a total of 26 cases reported, only 5 regarding the pediatric population until 2020. Overall annual hemorrhage rate is 2.4%. Symptoms are often due to hydrocephalus and intracranial hypertension.