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Papers of the Week

2020 Sep 17




Emergency Department “Bounce-Back” Rates as a Function of Emergency Medicine Training Year.


Curcio J, Little A, Bolyard C, Gupta A, Secic M, Sharkey M
Cureus. 2020 Sep 17; 12(9):e10503.
PMID: 33094046.


Since the 1990s, the emergency department (ED) unscheduled return visit (URV), or "bounce-back," has been used as a quality of care measurement. During that time, resident training was also scrutinized and uncovered a need for closer resident supervision, especially of second-year residents. Over the years, bounce-backs have continued to be analyzed with vigor, but research on residency training and supervision has lagged with few studies concurrently investigating residency supervision and bounce-backs. Other literature on resident supervision suggests that with adequate attending supervision, resident performance is equivalent to attending performance. With that in mind, it was hypothesized that resident bounce-back rates will be equivalent to attending bounce-back rates, and there will be no change among residency years. The primary objective of this study was to determine the rate at which patients are seen as a bounce-back visit within 72 hours of their initial visit to a community hospital ED during the study time frame. The secondary aims were to evaluate if the ED bounce-back rate is impacted by training level (residents or attending) and to describe bounce-back patient characteristics, including primary complaint/disease, age, comorbidities and issues with compliance.