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Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Oct 2020 - 9 Oct 2020

Animal Studies

2020 Oct 02

J Neurochem

PKC- and PKA-dependent phosphorylation modulates TREK-1 function in naïve and neuropathic rats.


García G, Méndez-Reséndiz KA, Oviedo N, Murbartián J
J Neurochem. 2020 Oct 02.
PMID: 33006141.


PKC and PKA phosphorylation inhibit TREK-1 channels downstream of G protein-coupled receptor activation in vitro. However, the role of phosphorylation of TREK-1 in neuropathic pain is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether altered TREK-1 channel function by PKA and PKC modulators contributes to antiallodynia in neuropathic rats. Furthermore, we investigated if the in vitro described sites for PKC and PKA phosphorylation (S300 and S333, respectively) participate in the modulation of TREK-1 in naïve and neuropathic rats. L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) induced tactile allodynia. Intrathecal injection of BL-1249 (TREK-1 activator) reversed nerve injury-induced tactile allodynia, whereas spadin (TREK-1 blocker) produced tactile allodynia in naïve rats and reversed the antiallodynic effect induced by BL-1249 in neuropathic rats. Intrathecal administration of rottlerin or Rp-cAMPs (PKC and PKA inhibitors, respectively) enhanced the antiallodynia observed with BL-1249 in neuropathic rats. In contrast, pretreatment with PdBu or forskolin (PKC and PKA activators, respectively) reduced the BL-1249-induced antiallodynia. Intrathecal injection of two high-activity TREK-1 recombinant channels, using a in vivo transfection method with lipofectamine, with mutations at PKC/PKA phosphosites (S300A and S333A) reversed tactile allodynia in neuropathic rats, with no effect in naïve rats. In contrast, transfection of two low-activity TREK-1 recombinant channels with phosphomimetic mutations at those sites (S300D and S333D) produced tactile allodynia in naïve rats and interfered with antiallodynic effects of rottlerin/BL-1249 or Rp-cAMPs/BL-1249. Data suggest that TREK-1 channel activity can be dynamically tuned in vivo by PKC/PKA to provoke allodynia and modulate its antiallodynic role in neuropathic pain.