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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Sep 2020 - 2 Oct 2020

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2020 Sep 21

Eur J Pharmacol

Synergistic antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic interaction between L-DOPA and celecoxib in parkinsonian rats is mediated by NO-cGMP-ATP-sensitive K channel.


Yoshajandith A-V, Cristina R-R, Liliana M, Héctor Alonso R-S, Gabriela G-M, Mirón Marcela B-D, María Elena C-P, Julia P-R, Beatriz G-C
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Sep 21:173537.
PMID: 32971091.


Pain is a usual and troublesome non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease, with a prevalence of 29-82%. Therefore, it's vital to find pharmacological treatments for managing PD-associated pain symptoms, to improve patients' quality of life. For this reason, we tested the possible synergy between L-DOPA and celecoxib in decreasing allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by unilateral lesioning with 6-OHDA into the SNpc in rats. We also tested whether the antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effect induced by combination of L-DOPA and celecoxib is mediated by the NO-cGMP-ATP-sensitive K channel pathway. Tactile allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia were evaluated using von Frey filament. Isobolographic analyses were employed to define the nature of the drug interaction using a fixed dose ratio (0.5: 0.5). We found that acute and sub-acute (10-day) treatment with a single dose of L-DOPA (3-25 mg/kg, i. p.) or celecoxib (2.5-20 mg/kg, i. p.) induced a dose-dependent antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effect in parkinsonian rats. Isobolographic analysis revealed that the ED values obtained by L-DOPA + celecoxib combination was significantly less than calculated additive values, indicating that co-administration of L-DOPA with celecoxib produces synergistic interactions in its antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effect in animals with nigrostriatal lesions. Moreover, the antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects induced by L-DOPA + celecoxib combination were blocked by intrathecal pre-treatment with L-NAME, ODQ, and glibenclamide. Taken together, the data suggest that L-DOPA + celecoxib combination produces an antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic synergistic interaction at the systemic level, and these effects are mediated, at the central level, through activation of the NO-cGMP-ATP-sensitive K channel pathway.