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2020 Sep 16

Arch Pharm (Weinheim)

Synthesis, anticonvulsant, and antinociceptive activity of new 3-(3-methyl-2,5-dioxo-3-phenylpyrrolidin-1-yl)propanamides and 3-phenyl-butanamides.


Obniska J, Góra M, Rapacz A, Sałat K, Rybka S, Abram M, Jakubiec M, Kamiński K
Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 2020 Sep 16:e2000225.
PMID: 32939789.


A focused library of new 3-(3-methyl-2,5-dioxo-3-phenylpyrrolidin-1-yl)propanamides and their nonimide analogs were synthesized and tested for anticonvulsant activity. These compounds were obtained through the coupling reaction of the starting carboxylic acids with appropriate amines. The initial anticonvulsant screening was performed in mice (intraperitoneal administration) using the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and the subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) seizure models. The most promising compound 6 showed more potent protection in the MES and scPTZ tests than valproic acid, which is still recognized as one of the most relevant first-line anticonvulsants. The structure-activity relationship analysis revealed that the presence of the pyrrolidine-2,5-dione ring is important but not indispensable to retain anticonvulsant activity. Additionally, compound 6 showed potent antinociceptive properties in the oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain model in mice. The most plausible mechanism of action for compound 6 may result from its influence on the neuronal sodium channel (Site 2) and the high-voltage-activated L-type calcium channel.