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Papers: 12 Sep 2020 - 18 Sep 2020


2020 Sep

Am Psychol



Comorbid chronic pain and opioid misuse in youth: Knowns, unknowns, and implications for behavioral treatment.


Pielech M, Lunde CE, Becker SJ, Vowles KE, Sieberg CB
Am Psychol. 2020 Sep; 75(6):811-824.
PMID: 32915025.


Chronic pain and opioid misuse occur in pediatric populations and can be associated with a range of negative adverse outcomes that may persist into adulthood. While the association between chronic pain, opioid prescribing, and opioid-related adverse consequences is reasonably well established in adults, the relation in pediatric patients is not well understood and the long-term impact of opioid exposure during childhood is yet to be fully revealed. The present review draws from the available literature on chronic and acute pediatric pain prevalence and treatment, opioid misuse, and adolescent substance use to address knowns and unknowns of comorbid pediatric chronic pain and opioid misuse. Additionally, gaps in knowledge regarding the prevalence and etiology of co-occurring chronic pain and opioid misuse in youth are identified. Hypothesized, modifiable risk factors associated with both pediatric pain and opioid misuse are considered. Due to a lack of empirically supported integrated treatments for comorbid chronic pain and opioid misuse in youth, this review examines the evidence base and best practices from both the chronic pain and opioid treatment literature to guide treatment recommendations for these comorbid conditions in youth. Recommendations are then provided to promote screening and mitigate risk of chronic pain and opioid misuse across a range of pediatric settings. Lastly, a comprehensive agenda to prevent and treat chronic pain and opioid misuse in adolescents and young adults is discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).