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Papers of the Week

2020 Sep 08

Biomed Pharmacother


Endogenous opioid and cannabinoid systems contribute to antinociception produced by administration of NSAIDs into the insular cortex of rats.


Tsagareli N, Tsiklauri N, Kvachadze I, Tsagareli MG
Biomed Pharmacother. 2020 Sep 08; 131:110722.
PMID: 32916536.


Pain sensation is characterized as a complex experience, dependent on sensory processes as well as the activation of limbic brain areas involved in emotion, among them anterior insula. This cortical area is involved in the perception and response to painful stimuli. We investigated if this area contributes to antinociception produced by NSAIDs, and underlying mechanisms. We found that administration of NSAIDs into the anterior insular cortex in rats reduced mechanical and heat hyperalgesia produced by intraplantar injection of formalin, and this was attenuated by pre- or post-treatment with the opioid receptor antagonists, naloxone and CTOP, and the cannabinoid receptor (CB1) antagonist AM-251. These data support the concept that NSAID-evoked antinociception is mediated via descending endogenous opioid and cannabinoid systems inhibiting spinal paw withdrawal reflexes in rodents.