I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2020 Sep

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther



[Psychotherapy in the Context of Interdisciplinary Multimodal Pain Therapy: Update].


Müller M, Bräscher A-K
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2020 Sep; 55(9):536-548.
PMID: 32916737.


Interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy (IMPT) is based on the biopsychosocial model of pain and describes an integrated treatment for patients with chronic pain. IMPT incorporates a close cooperation of different disciplines, including physicians, psychotherapists, physiotherapists, and others. IMPT mainly aims to restore and increase patients' physical, social and psychological functional capacity. The efficacy of IMPT has been evidenced by systematic reviews and meta-analyses. A number of studies further indicate IMPT's cost-efficiency. Psychotherapy is an essential component of IMPT. Its main goal within the framework of IMPT is to identify and modify dysfunctional patterns of pain coping, and to diagnose and potentially treat psychological comorbidities. Pain psychotherapy comprises mostly cognitive-behavioral interventions which address dysfunctional coping at the three levels of the pain experience (i.e., cognitive, emotional, and behavioral). Research into the efficacy of pain psychotherapy is rather sparse and studies have mostly focused on chronic back pain, yet existing results show promising evidence both for psychotherapy within IMPT and for psychotherapy as a monotherapy. This paper aims at providing an overview of (a) commonly employed cognitive-behavioral psychotherapeutic approaches and strategies in the treatment of chronic pain, and (b) the existing empirical evidence of pain psychotherapy both within the framework of IMPT and as a monotherapy. Future research should include a wider range of pain diagnoses and also investigate the potential benefit of individually-tailored treatments.