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Papers: 5 Sep 2020 - 11 Sep 2020

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2020 Sep 04

Eur J Pharmacol

KM-416, a novel phenoxyalkylaminoalkanol derivative with anticonvulsant properties exerts analgesic, local anesthetic, and antidepressant-like activities. Pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic, and forced degradation studies.


Kubacka M, Rapacz A, Sałat K, Filipek B, Cios A, Pociecha K, Wyska E, Hubicka U, Żuromska-Witek B, Kwiecień A, Marona H, Waszkielewicz AM
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Sep 04:173540.
PMID: 32896552.


Anticonvulsant drugs are used to treat a wide range of non-epileptic conditions, including chronic, neuropathic pain. We obtained a phenoxyalkylaminoalkanol derivative, KM-416 which had previously demonstrated a significant anticonvulsant activity and had also been shown to bind to 5-HT, α-receptors and SERT and not to exhibit mutagenic properties. As KM-416 is a promising compound in our search for drug candidates, in the present study we further assessed its pharmacological profile (analgesic, local anesthetic, and antidepressant-like activities) accompanied with patch-clamp studies. Considering the importance of drug safety, its influence on the cardiovascular system was also evaluated. Moreover, KM-416 was subjected to forced degradation and pharmacokinetic studies to examine its stability and pharmacokinetic parameters. KM-416 revealed a significant antinociceptive activity in the tonic – the formalin test, neurogenic – the capsaicin test, and neuropathic pain model – streptozotocin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Moreover, it exerted a local anesthetic effect. In addition, KM-416 exhibited anti-depressant like activity. The results from the patch-clamp studies indicated that KM-416 can inhibit currents elicited by activation of NMDA receptors, while it also exhibited a voltage-dependent inhibition of Na currents. KM-416 did not influence ventricular depolarization and repolarization. Following oral administration, pharmacokinetics of KM-416 was characterized by a rapid absorption in the rat. The brain-to-plasma AUC ratio was 6.7, indicating that KM-416 was well distributed to brain. The forced degradation studies showed that KM-416 was very stable under stress conditions. All these features made KM-416 a promising drug candidate for further development against neuropathic pain and epilepsy.