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2020 Aug 27

Am Surg

Outcomes of Laparoscopic-Assisted, Open Umbilical Hernia Repair.


Shao JM, Elhage SA, Prasad T, Colavita PD, Augenstein VA, Heniford TB
Am Surg. 2020 Aug 27:3134820942162.
PMID: 32853047.


Umbilical hernia repair (UHR) is one of the most commonly performed hernia operations with reported recurrence rate from 1% to 54%. Our aim was to describe an open, laparoscopic-assisted (OLA) technique and its outcome in an institutional review board-approved prospective study at a tertiary hernia center from 2008 to 2019. All patients underwent a standard periumbilical incision, open dissection of the hernia, and closure of the fascial defect with laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) fixation with permanent tacks. A total of 186 patients were identified who underwent an OLA UHR repair. Patient characteristics are as follows: average age 52.8 ± 12.5 years, male gender 79.6%, body mass index 31.4 ± 8.0 kg/m, and average hernia defect size of 2.8 ± 4.8 cm. Forty-one (22.0%) patients had previous failed repair. Sixty-nine (37.1%) patients had another procedure performed at the time of the UHR, most commonly a laparoscopic transabdominal inguinal hernia repair (58%). The mean operative time was 87.3 ± 51.2 minutes, but only 63.9 ± 31.9 minutes for patients undergoing an OLA repair. There were no recurrences (0%) on abdominal physical or radiographic examination with an average follow-up of 16.5 ± 17.7 months. Postoperative complications included wound erythema (2.7%), hematomas (1.1%), seromas (2.7%), and 4.3% received postoperative oral antibiotics. One person was readmitted for seroma drainage, and another required reoperation for small bowel obstruction unrelated to the hernia repair. One patient had chronic pain requiring tack removal. With moderate follow-up, an OLA UHR with mesh appears to be a durable repair with favorable results, including those patients with recurrent hernias.