Ligamentous injuries of the ankle joint are among the most common injuries in sports, with landing on the opponent's foot or direct contact counting among the most common injury mechanisms. Initial measures most notably include a clinical examination, supplemented by X-rays, sonography or MRI as required. In most cases, conservative treatment is the treatment of choice. At the beginning, pain and swelling have to be reduced. Then function must be regained before patients may return to sports after a return-to-play test. Some injury patterns are more complex with concomitant injuries, and despite all the success of conservative treatment, certain cases remain the preserve of surgery. Not only the downtime of athletes, the severity of long-term damage and chronic functional limitations, but also the associated costs for treatment suggest the recommendation that ankle joint injuries should not be underestimated and adequate treatment should be selected.