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Papers of the Week

2020 Aug 10

J Clin Med



Laparoscopic Outcomes after Normal Clinical and Ultrasound Findings in Young Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study.



Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is one of the most common chronic pain problems experienced by women, with prevalence rates comparable to asthma and back pain. However, it is poorly understood and causative pathology is only seldom found. We aimed to establish prevalence of abnormal findings at diagnostic laparoscopy in young women with CPP after normal findings at clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound scan. Information was retrospectively collected on all laparoscopies undertaken on women aged 16-30 years with normal preoperative findings over a 24-month period. One-hundred-and-fifty women (mean age 25 years and BMI 24.5) were included with laparoscopic examination revealing normal anatomy in 110 (73.3%) and pathology in 40 (27.2%). Endometriosis was detected in 30 (20%); 25 (16.7%) stage 1, 2 (1.3%) stage 2, 2 (1.3%) stage 3 and 1 (0.7%) stage 4. Most laparoscopies carried out on young women with CPP and normal clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound scan showed no significant clinical stigmata of pelvic disease. Women should be fully informed of the multifactorial nature of CPP and there should be a comprehensive management pathway for these women, as proceeding with invasive laparoscopy does not provide additional benefit when investigating CPP in the context of risk, cost and effect on long-term wellbeing.