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2020 Aug 06

Pathol Int

Colitis nucleomigrans: The third type of microscopic colitis (part 1).


Tachibana M, Hanaoka T, Watanabe S, Matsushita M, Isono T, Tsutsumi Y
Pathol Int. 2020 Aug 06.
PMID: 32761850.


Microscopic colitis (MC), encompassing collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis, is featured by chronic diarrhea, normal-looking endoscopic findings and unique microscopic appearance. After reviewing biopsied nonspecific colitis, we propose the third type of MC: colitis nucleomigrans (CN). Histopathological criteria of CN included: (i) chained nuclear migration to the middle part of the surface-lining columnar epithelium; (ii) apoptotic nuclear debris scattered below the nuclei; and (iii) mild/moderate chronic inflammation in the lamina propria. Thirty-three patients (M:F = 20:13; median age 63 years, range 17-88) fulfilled our criteria. Seven cases demonstrated MC-like clinical/endoscopic features. Mucosal reddening with or without erosion/aphtha was endoscopically observed in the remaining 26 cases with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like features: occult/gross hematochezia seen in 19, abdominal pain in two and mucin secretion in two. Cleaved caspase-3-immunoreactive apoptotic debris appeared more frequently in IBD-like CN than in MC-like CN, while CD8-positive intraepithelial lymphocytes comparably appeared in both. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) were administered in five (71%) cases with MC-like features, and in three diarrhea improved after drug cessation. In IBD-like CN cases, eight (31%) received PPIs. Four patients received chemotherapy against malignancies. Four patients associated immune-related disorders. Microscopic appearance of CN also appeared in a remission state of ulcerative colitis (12/20 lesions).