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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 Jul 2020 - 24 Jul 2020

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2020 Jul 20



Protective role of neuronal and lymphoid cannabinoid CB receptors in neuropathic pain.


Cabañero D, Ramírez-López A, Drews E, Schmöle A, Otte DM, Wawrzczak-Bargiela A, Huerga Encabo H, Kummer S, Ferrer-Montiel A, Przewlocki R, Zimmer A, Maldonado R
Elife. 2020 Jul 20; 9.
PMID: 32687056.


Cannabinoid CB receptor (CB) agonists are potential analgesics void of psychotropic effects. Peripheral immune cells, neurons and glia express CB, however the involvement of CB from these cells in neuropathic pain remains unresolved. We explored spontaneous neuropathic pain through on-demand self-administration of the selective CB agonist JWH133 in wild-type and knockout mice lacking CB in neurons, monocytes or constitutively. Operant self-administration reflected drug-taking to alleviate spontaneous pain, nociceptive and affective manifestations. While constitutive deletion of CB disrupted JWH133-taking behavior, this behavior was not modified in monocyte-specific CB knockouts and was increased in mice defective in neuronal CB knockouts suggestive of increased spontaneous pain. Interestingly, CB-positive lymphocytes infiltrated the injured nerve and possible CBtransfer from immune cells to neurons was found. Lymphocyte CBdepletion also exacerbated JWH133 self-administration and inhibited antinociception. This work identifies a simultaneous activity of neuronal and lymphoid CBthat protects against spontaneous and evoked neuropathic pain.