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Papers of the Week

2020 Jun 12




Therapeutic Implications of Altered Energy Metabolism in Migraine: A State-of-the-Art Review.


Hassan S A, Farooque U, Choudhry AS, Pillai B, Sheikh FN
Cureus. 2020 Jun 12; 12(6):e8571.
PMID: 32670707.


Currently, the management strategies aimed at the resolution of migraine are pharmacological. Most of these therapies are known to alter the serotonin balance of the brain. Furthermore, therapies blocking the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have also proven to be quite effective in their treatments. However, apart from being expensive, these therapies do not influence premonitory and aura symptoms. This suggests an incomplete approach and an inadequate understanding of the migraine pathophysiology. Recent metabolic studies have indicated that migraine should be considered as an adaptive response to the mismatch between the cerebral energy reserves and expenditure. Therefore, understanding the underlying metabolism helps derive possible novel therapeutic modalities for migraines. In this review, we highlight the underlying metabolic abnormalities found in migraine patients. This will form the basis of our evidence-based discussion on metabolic therapeutic options for migraines.