Patients with cholestatic liver diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis, usually suffer from pruritus. However, the pathogenesis of cholestatic pruritus is unclear, and there is no current effective treatment for it. In order to find a treatment for the condition, an appropriate mouse model should be developed. Therefore, here, we established a surgically-induced mouse model of cholestatic pruritus. The bile duct was ligated in order to block bile secretion from the anterior, right, and left lobes, with the exception of the caudate lobe. Serum levels of total bile acid increased after bile duct ligation (BDL). The spontaneous hind paw scratching was also increased in BDL mice. Spontaneous scratching was reduced in BDL mice by naloxone (µ-opioid receptor antagonist), U-50,488H (κ-opioid receptor agonist), and clonidine (α2-adrenoceptor agonist). Azelastine (H receptor antagonist with membrane-stabilizing activity) slightly reduced scratching. However, terfenadine (H receptor antagonist), methysergide (serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonist), ondansetron (5-HT receptor antagonist), proteinase-activated receptor 2-neutralizing antibody, fluvoxamine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), milnacipran (serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor), and cyproheptadine (H and 5-HT receptor antagonist) did not affect scratching. These results suggested that partial obstruction of bile secretion in mice induced anti-histamine-resistant itching and that central opioid system is involved in cholestatic itching.