Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a serious adverse effect of chemotherapeutic agents such as paclitaxel. JTC-801, a nociceptin/orphanin FQ opioid peptide (NOP) receptor antagonist, has been reported to attenuate neuropathic pain in several pain models. However, the therapeutic significance and function of JTC-801 in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy remain unclear. In this study, we determined the effect of JTC-801 on neuropathic pain induced by paclitaxel, and we explored the potential mechanism in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The behavioral test showed that single or multiple systemic administrations of JTC-801 significantly alleviated mechanical allodynia in paclitaxel-treated rats. Using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry, we found that paclitaxel increased the expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and phospho-Akt (p-Akt) in the DRG. Double immunofluorescence staining indicated that p-Akt was expressed in neurons in the DRG. Multiple injections of JTC-801 significantly inhibited the activation of Akt and decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines. The data suggest that JTC-801 alleviates mechanical allodynia associated with paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain via the PI3K/Akt pathway.