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Papers of the Week

2020 Jan-Dec

Mol Pain


Effect of reactive oxygen species of the psoas major muscle in complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain in rats.



Lower limb pain is a common clinical disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is found in previous studies that reactive oxygen species is closely related to neuropathic, cancer, chemotherapy, and inflammatory pain, which can be relieved by reactive oxygen species scavengers. Furthermore, acupuncture or electroacupuncture on the psoas major muscle has a great effect on adjuvant-induced arthritis and lower back pain. In our study, we investigated the function of reactive oxygen species scavengers locally injecting into the ipsilateral psoas major muscle on complete Freund's adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain. Our results demonstrated that in the development of complete Freund's adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain, early local continuous application of N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN, 1 and 5 mg/kg/0.2 ml) on the ipsilateral psoas major muscle effectively reduced mechanical and cold hyperalgesia. However, intraperitoneal injection of PBN (1 and 5 mg/kg) or local injection of PBN (1 and 5 mg/kg/0.2 ml) into contralateral psoas major muscle, ipsilateral quadratus lumborum, and ipsilateral erector spinae showed limited effect. In the developed inflammatory pain model, local injection of PBN into the ipsilateral psoas major muscle also alleviated pain and paw edema. In addition, reactive oxygen species level increased in ipsilateral psoas major muscle at seven days after complete Freund's adjuvant injection. In general, PBN reduces complete Freund's adjuvant-evoked inflammatory pain by inhibiting reactive oxygen species in the psoas major muscle.