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2020 Apr 19

Clin Neurol Neurosurg


Drugs for Acute Attack of Pediatric Migraine: A Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.


Wang G, Tan T, Liu Y, Hong P
Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2020 Apr 19; 195:105853.
PMID: 32464520.


Migraine in pediatric is a common neurological disease, and its prevalence is varying widely. The medication for the acute attack of pediatric migraine is various. we take advantage of network meta-analysis to address the efficacy and rank of these medications. Database including Pubmed and Cochrane Library were queried using a specific searching strategy. The quality of trials enrolled was assessed according to the Cochrane collaboration'tool for assessing risk of bias. The data analysis was conducted by using the core software for Cochrane reviews (Rev Man 5.3) and the Aggregate Data Drug Information System (Addis v1.16.8). The outcomes were pain-free and pain relief at 2 hours post-dose. Totally, twenty trials with high quality including 6029 migraineurs with 6912 attacks randomly assigned to 14 different drugs. The data of ketorolac and prochlorperazine were missing. We found that sumatriptan nasal spray and zolmitriptan nasal spray were superior to placebo in the two efficacy outcomes, whereas almotriptan, rizatriptan, sumatriptan with naproxen sodium, ibuprofen and ibuprofen suspension were superior to placebo only in one of the efficacy outcomes. And in network meta-analysis, we found the best 3 treatments were ibuprofen, sumatriptan with naproxen sodium and ibuprofen suspension in achieving pain-free. Meanwhile, the best 3 treatments were ibuprofen suspension, ibuprofen, and rizatriptan in achieving pain relief. In conclusion, in acute treatments of pediatric migraine, most triptans and NSAIDS were effective to achieve pain-free or pain-relief. And the most effective treatment to achieve pain-free is sumatriptan with naproxen sodium. Ibuprofen and ibuprofen suspension were the most effective treatments to achieve pain-relief.