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Papers of the Week

2020 May 10

Joint Bone Spine

Infliximab induces clinical resolution of sacroiliitis that coincides with increased circulating FOXP3 T cells in a patient with IPEX syndrome.


Boschetti G, Sarfati M, Fabien N, Flourié B, Lachaux A, Nancey S, Coury F
Joint Bone Spine. 2020 May 10.
PMID: 32438064.


Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a rare monogenic primary immunodeficiency due to mutations of FOXP3, a master transcription factor of regulatory T cells (Treg). IPEX syndrome leads to fatal course in most cases during early childhood or severe multi-organ immune-mediated disorders in patients who survive. Currently hematopoietic stem cell transplantation represents the only known effective cure for IPEX syndrome. However, older patients with a mild disease not severe enough to justify transplantation, raise concerns regarding the appropriate therapeutic management, which is therefore based on supportive and replacement therapies combined with pharmacological immunosuppression. Herein, we report the case of a 22-year-old man with an incomplete IPEX syndrome without endocrine disorders having suffered from severe enteropathy since his birth treated with a combination of various immunosuppressant agents. He developed severe exacerbation of inflammatory low back pain in relation to sacroiliitis. Eventually, infliximab was initiated to control his back pain with rapid resolution as well as digestive improvement and also reduced biological inflammatory markers. In parallel, flow cytometry analysis revealed an increase in the frequency of circulating FOXP3+ CD4+ Treg cells. Altogether these data highlight that anti-TNF may represent a promising therapeutic option in patients with IPEX syndrome.