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2020 May 18

Int J Biol Macromol

A polysaccharide fraction from Handroanthus albus (yellow ipê) leaves with antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities.


Maria-Ferreira D, Carlotto J, Dallazen J L, da Luz B B, de Souza L M, de Paula Werner M F, Cipriani T R
Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 May 18.
PMID: 32439446.


Handroanthus albus, commonly known as yellow ipê, is a native and widely distributed tree in Brazil. An aqueous soluble polysaccharide fraction (HASP) was obtained from its leaves, and monosaccharide composition, glycosidic linkage analysis by methylation and NMR spectroscopy indicated that HASP is mainly composed of a type II arabinogalactan, and suggested that other polysaccharides could also be present in a smaller proportion. HASP was able to promote antinociception in formalin-induced (second phase) and on glutamate-induced nociception tests, besides reducing the number of abdominal contortions induced by acetic acid in mice. Moreover, HASP reduced acetic acid-induced leukocyte infiltration in the peritoneal cavity and showed anti-edematogenic activity, decreasing mechanical allodynia and myeloperoxidase activity in the carrageenan-induced paw edema model. These results showed that the polysaccharide fraction HASP from H. albus leaves has interesting antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities.