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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 May 2020 - 15 May 2020

Animal Studies

2020 Apr 28

Sci Signal



Local Ca signals couple activation of TRPV1 and ANO1 sensory ion channels.


Shah S, Carver CM, Mullen P, Milne S, Lukacs V, Shapiro MS, Gamper N
Sci Signal. 2020 Apr 28; 13(629).
PMID: 32345727.


ANO1 (TMEM16A) is a Ca-activated Cl channel (CaCC) expressed in peripheral somatosensory neurons that are activated by painful (noxious) stimuli. These neurons also express the Ca-permeable channel and noxious heat sensor TRPV1, which can activate ANO1. Here, we revealed an intricate mechanism of TRPV1-ANO1 channel coupling in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Simultaneous optical monitoring of CaCC activity and Ca dynamics revealed that the TRPV1 ligand capsaicin activated CaCCs. However, depletion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca stores reduced capsaicin-induced Ca increases and CaCC activation, suggesting that ER Ca release contributed to TRPV1-induced CaCC activation. ER store depletion by plasma membrane-localized TRPV1 channels was demonstrated with an ER-localized Ca sensor in neurons exposed to a cell-impermeable TRPV1 ligand. Proximity ligation assays established that ANO1, TRPV1, and the IP receptor IPR1 were often found in close proximity to each other. Stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) confirmed the close association between all three channels in DRG neurons. Together, our data reveal the existence of ANO1-containing multichannel nanodomains in DRG neurons and suggest that coupling between TRPV1 and ANO1 requires ER Ca release, which may be necessary to enhance ANO1 activation.