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2020 May 06

Int Wound J

Nutritional status and quality of nutrition in chronic wound patients.


Herberger K, Müller K, Protz K, Zyriax B-C, Augustin M, Hagenström K
Int Wound J. 2020 May 06.
PMID: 32378317.


Malnutrition is a negative confounding factor influencing wound healing. The prevalence of malnutrition increases with age, as do chronic wounds. The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the nutritional status of patients with chronic wounds. Data collection of sociodemographic and nutritional parameters was based on an inter-professionally developed questionnaire as well as the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). A total of 90 patients with chronic wounds of different aetiologies were included. Pain and dental health were found to be significant factors: Patients with malnutrition or the risk of malnutrition had significantly lower tooth and oral health scores (rs = -0.218, P = .039), and higher pain levels at rest (rs = 0.339, P < .001), while dressing (rs = 0.268, P = .014), and upon exercising (rs = 0.303, P = .005). Our data address the impact of nutrition on chronic wounds and confirm the relationship between pain, dental health, and nutritional status. Clinicians should be aware of adequate pain management and dental health care in chronic wound patients. Further studies, particularly on characterisation of preventive and therapeutic measures in the nutrition of chronic wound patients, are of great importance.