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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 May 2020 - 8 May 2020

Human Studies

2020 Apr 29

Int J Environ Res Public Health



Changes of Somatosensory Phenotype in the Course of Disease in Osteoarthritis Patients.


Höper J, Schraml L, Gierthmühlen J, Helfert SM, Rehm S, Härtig S, Schröder O, Lankes M, Traulsen FC, Seekamp A, Baron R
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 29; 17(9).
PMID: 32365479.


To investigate sensory changes, physical function (pF), quality of life (QoL) and pain intensity of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in the natural course of disease, and patients undergoing total joint replacement therapy (TJR) 31 (20 females, mean age 64.6 ± 10.4 years), patients with OA were investigated with questionnaires and quantitative sensory testing (QST) in the area of referred pain at the thigh at baseline and follow-up 22-49 weeks later; changes were analyzed separately for patients with ( = 13) and without TJR ( = 18). In patients without TJR pain intensity, pF, QoL did not improve, and increased pain sensitivity to cold and a stronger loss of detection were observed. In patients after TJR, however, a reduction in mechanical pain sensitivity and allodynia occurred in accordance with a reduction of pain intensity and improvement of functionality while QoL did not improve. Additionally, an increased sensitivity to heat pain and a more pronounced loss of mechanical detection could be observed in this group. TJR seems to stop peripheral pain input leading to a reduction of pain intensity and central sensitization, but surgery-induced sensory changes such as peripheral sensitization and loss of detection occur. Furthermore, TJR has favorable effects on pain intensity and functionality but not QoL.