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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Apr 2020 - 1 May 2020


2020 Apr 30

J Cell Mol Med

MicroRNAs in atopic dermatitis: A systematic review.


Yu X, Wang M, Li L, Zhang L, Chan M T V, Wu W K K
J Cell Mol Med. 2020 Apr 30.
PMID: 32351034.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease, affecting up to 10% to 20% of children and 3% of adults. Although allergen sensitization, skin barrier abnormalities and type 2 immune responses are involved, the exact molecular pathogenesis of AD remains unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (19-25 nucleotides) single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level and are implicated in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory and immunological skin disorders. This systematic review sought to summarize our current understanding regarding the role of miRNAs in AD development. We searched articles indexed in PubMed (MEDLINE) and Web of Science databases using Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) or Title/Abstract words ('microRNA/miRNA' and 'atopic dermatitis/eczema') from inception through January 2020. Observational studies revealed dysregulation of miRNAs, including miR-143, miR-146a, miR-151a, miR-155 and miR-223, in AD patients. Experimental studies confirmed their functions in regulating keratinocyte proliferation/apoptosis, cytokine signalling and nuclear factor-κB-dependent inflammatory responses, together with T helper 17 and regulatory T cell activities. Altogether, this systematic review brings together contemporary findings on how deregulation of miRNAs contributes to AD.