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Papers of the Week

2020 Apr

Curr Med Sci



Effect of China’s Universal Two-child Policy on the Rate of Cesarean Delivery: A Case Study of a Big Childbirth Center in China.


Du S-G, Tang F, Zhao Y, Sun G-Q, Lin Y, Tan Z-H, Wu X-F
Curr Med Sci. 2020 Apr; 40(2):348-353.
PMID: 32337696.


China's universal two-child policy was released in October of 2015. How would this new policy influence the rate of overall cesarean delivery (CD) in China? The objective of this paper is to investigate the trend of overall CD rate with the increase of number of multiparous women based on a big childbirth center of China (a tertiary hospital) in 2016. In this study, 22 530 cases from the medical record department of a big childbirth center of China from January 1 to December 31 in 2016 were enrolled as research objects. Electronic health records of these selected objects were retrieved. According to the history of childbirth, the selected cases were divided into primiparous group containing 16 340 cases and multiparous group containing 6190 cases. Chi-square test was carried out to compare the rate of CD, neuraxial labor analgesia, maternity insurance between the two groups; t-test was performed to compare the in-hospital days and gestational age at birth between the two groups. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship among observed monthly rate of multiparas, overall CD rate, and Elective Repeat Cesarean Delivery (ERCD) rate. The results showed that the CD rate in multiparous group was 55.46%, which was higher than that in primiparous group (34.66%, P<0.05). The rate of neuraxial labor analgesia in multiparas group was 9.29%, which was lower than that in primiparas group (35.94%, P<0.05). However, the rate of maternity insurance was higher in multiparas group (57.00%) than that in primiparas group (41.08%, P<0.05). The hospital cost and in-hospital days in multiparas group were higher, and the gestational age at birth in multiparas group was lower than in primiparas group (P<0.05). The overall CD rate slightly dropped in the first 4 months of the year (P<0.05), then increased from 36.27% (April) to 43.21% (December) (P<0.05). The rate of multiparas women and ERCD had the same trend (P<0.05). There were linear correlations among the rate of overall CD, the rate of multiparas women and the rate of ERCD rate (P<0.05). With the opening of China's two-child policy, the increasing rate of overall CD is directly related with the high rate of ERCD. Trials of Labor After Cesarean Section (TOLAC) in safe mode to reduce overall CD rate are warranted in the future.