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Papers of the Week

2019 Dec 13

New Microbiol



Fatal case of West Nile encephalitis associated with acute anteroseptal ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI): a case report.


Sabadi D, Peric L, Savic V, Rubil I, Baraban V, Tabain I, Barbic L, Duvnjak M, Bogdanic M, Stevanovic V, Capak K, Vilibic-Cavlek T
New Microbiol. 2019 Dec 13; 43(1).
PMID: 32334492.


Cardiac involvement has rarely been reported in West Nile (WNV) infection. We report a fatal case of WNV encephalitis associated with an acute anteroseptal ST elevation myocardial infarction. The patient was hospitalized with a fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. The physical examination revealed positive meningeal signs and an altered level of consciousness. High levels of cardiac enzymes (creatine phosphokinase/MB fraction, lactate dehydrogenase, myoglobin and cardiac troponin I) and ST elevation on electrocardiogram were found. Both CSF and urine samples were positive for WNV RNA. This case highlights the need of awareness of the possibility of a WNV-related myocardial infection, including myocardial infarction.