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Papers of the Week

2020 Mar

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol



Upper extremity regional anesthesia techniques: A comprehensive review for clinical anesthesiologists.


Jones MR, Novitch MB, Sen S, Hernandez N, de Haan J B, Budish RA, Bailey CH, Ragusa J, Thakur P, Orhurhu V, Urits I, Cornett EM, Kaye A D
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2020 Mar; 34(1):e13-e29.
PMID: 32334792.


Surgeries and chronic pain states of the upper extremity are quite common and pose unique challenges for the clinical anesthesiology and pain specialists. Most innervation of the upper extremity involves the brachial plexus. The four most common brachial plexus blocks performed in clinical setting include the interscalene, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, and axillary brachial plexus blocks. These blocks are most commonly performed with the use of ultrasound-guided techniques, whereby analgesia is achieved by anesthetizing the brachial plexus at different levels such as the roots, divisions, cords, and branches. Additional regional anesthetic techniques for upper extremity surgery include wrist, intercostobrachial, and digital nerve blocks, which are most frequently performed using landmark anatomical techniques. This review provides a comprehensive summary of each of these blocks including anatomy, best practice techniques, and potential complications.