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Papers of the Week

2020 Apr 21

Stem Cell Res


Efficacy of combination therapy with pentosan polysulfate sodium and adipose tissue-derived stem cells for the management of interstitial cystitis in a rat model.


Kim B S, Chun S Y, Lee E H, Chung J-W, Lee J N, Ha Y-S, Choi J Y, Song P H, Kwon T G, Han M-H, Kim D H, Yoo E S
Stem Cell Res. 2020 Apr 21; 45:101801.
PMID: 32334368.


We evaluated the synergistic effects of pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in an interstitial cystitis (IC) rat model. After generation of the IC rat model, the rats were divided into 4 groups according to the treatment they received: phosphate-buffered saline injection into bladder submucosa, daily oral PPS feeding, MSC injection into bladder submucosa, or MSC injection into bladder submucosa with daily oral PPS feeding. After treatment, conscious cystometry and pain scale measurement were performed and their bladders were obtained for histological and proinflammatory-related gene expression analysis. On cystometric analysis, all treatment groups showed significantly increased intercontraction intervals and lower pain scores compared to those of the control group. Histological analysis revealed regenerated urothelium, less fibrosis, and decreased mast cell infiltration in all treatment groups compared to the control group. Significantly lower expression of TNF-α, IFN-γ, MCP, IL-6, TLR2, and TLR11 was observed in the PPS with MSC group compared to the other groups. Combination therapy with PPS and MSCs showed histological and functional effects in an IC rat model, including synergistic effects leading to increased intercontraction interval and decreased inflammatory reactions.