I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2020 Mar 20




Comparison of ‘Excision and Primary Repair’ with ‘Bascom’s Technique’ in the Surgical Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus.


Karim M O, Khan KA, Khan A J, Abbas S H, Abdalla O, Aslam M I
Cureus. 2020 Mar 20; 12(3):e7338.
PMID: 32313779.


Introduction The management of the chronic pilonidal disease is variable and the principles of treatment are aimed to eradicate the sinus tract, promote wound healing, prevent disease recurrence, and improve the quality of life of the patient. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of excision and primary closure, and Bascom's technique in the management of pilonidal sinus disease. Methods  The study was performed at a tertiary hospital from April to October 2011. All patients with chronic pilonidal sinus were included in the study (n=60) and randomly allocated into Group A – undergoing excision and primary closure (n=30) and Group B – undergoing Bascom's repair. Comparative outcomes of interest were duration of hospital admission, post-operative pain, wound infection, wound-healing and disease recurrence.  Results The mean age of presentation was 24.18±5.6 years. A higher number of patients in Group A were discharged within 24 hours compared to Group B (p = 0.001). Group B had significantly less post-operative pain by the first postoperative week (p = 0.049). Group B had lower infection rates with clean wounds observed in 28 (93.3%) patients compared to 23 (76.7%) in Group A by the first postoperative week (p = 0.07). Recurrence rate during 12-week follow-up was observed in one (3.3%) patient in Group B, and five (16.7%) in Group A (p= 0.085). Conclusions Patients who underwent Bascom's operation had less postoperative pain, lower infection rates and disease recurrence, and better wound healing. Therefore, in our patient cohort, we conclude Bascom's repair appears to be superior to primary excision and repair in reducing patient morbidity.