Diabetes mellitus (DM) is on the rise globally. Its prevalence has nearly doubled during the last two decades and it is estimated to affect 8.8% of the global population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in diabetic population and despite modern anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective therapeutic strategies diabetic patients have at least a twice fold risk of cardiovascular events. Prothrombotic state in DM is associated with multiple determinants such as platelet alterations, oxidative stress, endothelial changes, circulating mediators. Thus, proper antithrombotic strategies to reduce the risk of CVD in this population is critical.