Analgesics, particularly opioids, have been routinely used in the emergency treatment of ischemic chest pain for a long time. In the past two decades; however, several studies have raised the possibility of the harmful effects of opioid administration. In 2014, the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) changed the guidelines regarding the use of opioids from class IC to class IIb for non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome. And in 2015, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines incidentally noted the side effects of opioids. In ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, both ESC and AHA/ACCF still recommend the use of opioids. Given the need for adequate pain relief in ischemic chest pain in the emergency setting, it is necessary to understand the adverse effects of analgesia, while still providing sufficiently potent options for analgesia. The primary purpose of this review is to quantify the effects of analgesics commonly used in the prehospital and emergency department in patients with ischemic chest pain.