Previous studies have demonstrated that excessive free radicals play an essential role in the initiation and progression of epilepsy and that a novel exogenous free radical scavenger edaravone (Ed) exerts some neuroprotective effects on seizure-induced neuronal damage. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the possible molecular mechanisms of Ed associated with procaspase-3 denitrosylation and activation through the FasL-Trx2 pathway in seizures rats. In this study, we investigated the effects of Ed on the regulation of the combination of Fas ligand/Fas receptor and the major components of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) in the hippocampus of kainic acid (KA)-treated Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Treatment with Ed can attenuate the increased expression of FasL induced by KA and prevent procaspase-3 denitrosylation and activation via suppression of the FasL-Trx2 signaling pathway, which alleviates the neuronal damage in seizures. These results provide experimental evidence that Ed functions by preventing the denitrosylation and activation of procaspase-3 and that Ed acts as a therapeutic option for epilepsy.