Recurrent vertigo is common in clinical work. As early as 1979, Slater firstly used benign recurrent vertigo (BRV) to describe that some adult patients present with recurrent vertigo without neurologic or any auditory symptoms (2). In subsequent studies, some scholars found that BRV was closely related to migraine (3,4). But after the International Headache Association and Barany Association proposed vestibular migraine as an independent entity (5), BRV now refers only to recurrent vertigo attacks without etiology. To further explore whether BRV is associated with Meniere's disease or vestibular migraine, we conducted this longitudinal study.