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Papers of the Week

2020 Feb 27

Sci Rep



Different dynamical behaviors induced by slow excitatory feedback for type II and III excitabilities.


Neuronal excitability is classified as type I, II, or III, according to the responses of electronic activities, which play different roles. In the present paper, the effect of an excitatory autapse on type III excitability is investigated and compared to type II excitability in the Morris-Lecar model, based on Hopf bifurcation and characteristics of the nullcline. The autaptic current of a fast-decay autapse produces periodic stimulations, and that of a slow-decay autapse highly resembles sustained stimulations. Thus, both fast- and slow-decay autapses can induce a resting state for type II excitability that changes to repetitive firing. However, for type III excitability, a fast-decay autapse can induce a resting state to change to repetitive firing, while a slow-decay autapse can induce a resting state to change to a resting state following a transient spike instead of repetitive spiking, which shows the abnormal phenomenon that a stronger excitatory effect of a slow-decay autapse just induces weaker responses. Our results uncover a novel paradoxical phenomenon of the excitatory effect, and we present potential functions of fast- and slow-decay autapses that are helpful for the alteration and maintenance of type III excitability in the real nervous system related to neuropathic pain or sound localization.