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Papers of the Week

2020 Feb 21


[Pain concepts in fast-track endoprosthetics].


von Lewinski G, Weber C, Tücking L-R
Orthopade. 2020 Feb 21.
PMID: 32086550.


An effective and safe pain management is nowadays a pivotal component of fast-track endoprosthetics. The analgesic strategies should be opioid-sparing whenever possible because opioids induce side-effects that reduce the well-being of patients and are even associated with a risk of falling. This is not compatible with a fast mobilization. In order to achieve this goal, multimodal pain concepts have proven to be suitable. Decentralized analgesia with epidural and regional catheters as well as the use of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) can be used; however, catheters are also associated with a muscular deficit and the danger of falling. Therefore, in the fast-track concepts LIA has become established. With respect to knee endoprosthetics many studies have shown that LIA achieves at least comparable results or even superiority in comparison with the use of catheters. It represents a safe and effective procedure with respect to postoperative analgesia and accelerated mobilization. A variety of protocols for the use of LIA can currently be found in the literature. In addition to analgesics the supportive administration of glucocorticoids is increasingly being used, which also reduce pain due to the anti-inflammatory effect; however, regarding this aspect relatively few prospective randomized studies in comparison to LIA are available in the literature.