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Papers of the Week

2020 Feb 08

Exp Neurol

TRPA1 activation mediates nociception behaviors in a mouse model of relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.


Dalenogare D P, Theisen M C, Peres D S, Fialho M F P, Denardin Lückemeyer D, de David Antoniazzi C T, Kudsi S Q, de Amorim Ferreira M, Ritter C D S, Ferreira J, Oliveira S M, Trevisan G
Exp Neurol. 2020 Feb 08:113241.
PMID: 32045597.


Central neuropathic pain is the main symptom caused by spinal cord lesion in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), but its management is still not effective. The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a pain detecting ion channel involved in neuropathic pain development. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate the role of TRPA1 in central neuropathic nociception induced by relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (RR-EAE) mouse model. In this model, we observed the development of similar clinical conditions of RRMS in C57BL/6 female mice through RR-EAE using MOG antigen and Quil A adjuvant. At the thirty-fifth day post-induction, C57BL/6 female mice demonstrated alteration in the RR-EAE score without motor impairment, mechanical and cold allodynia. Also, significative changes in demyelinating (Mog and olig-1) and neuroinflammatory (Iba1, Gfap and Tnfa) markers were observed, but this model did not alter Trpa1 RNA expression levels in the spinal cord. The hydrogen peroxide and 4-hydroxynonenal levels (TRPA1 agonists) were increased in RR-EAE induced mice, as well as the NADPH oxidase activity. The intragastric treatment of RR-EAE induced mice with TRPA1 antagonists (HC-030031 and A-967079) and antioxidant (α-lipoic acid and apocynin) caused an antiallodynic effect. Moreover, the intrathecal administration of TRPA1 antisense oligonucleotide, HC-030031, α-lipoic acid, and apocynin transiently attenuated mechanical and cold allodynia. Thus, TRPA1 plays a key role in the induction of neuropathic pain in this model of RR-EAE and can be a possible target for investigating the development of pain in RRMS patients.