I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2020 Feb 05

Neurosci Lett

Proconvulsant effect of trans-cinnamaldehyde in pentylenetetrazole-induced kindling model of epilepsy: The role of TRPA1 channels.


The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), a member of the TRP superfamily, is widely distributed in the central nervous system (CNS) and plays an important role in pain and inflammation. However, no data has been reported regarding the effects of TRPA1 on epileptic seizures. Thus, this study was designed to investigate the sub-chronic effect of trans-cinnamaldehyde (TCA), an agonist of TRPA1, in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) induced kindling model via electrocorticography (ECoG). Furthermore, the expressions of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and NMDA receptor subunit NR2B were measured using Western blotting. Rats were kindled by intraperitoneal (i.p.) PTZ (35 mg/kg) injections. After electrode implantation and healing period, 10 and 30 mg/kg TCA was given i.p. for 14 consecutive days. On the next day, ECoG recordings were obtained after the injection of PTZ (35 mg/kg, i.p.), and twenty-four hours later, rats were decapitated for molecular analyses. TCA, at a dose of 30 mg/kg, decreased the first myoclonic jerk latency and increased seizure duration and total spike activity. Additionally, both doses of TCA enhanced CREB, BDNF, and NR2B expressions, which were increased by the kindling. The evidence from this study suggests that long term activation of TRPA1 channels causes an exacerbated seizure activity. Moreover, PTZ-induced increases in CREB, BDNF, and NR2B levels were enhanced by the repeated administrations of TCA.