Movement representation techniques such as motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) could play an important role in the field of rehabilitation of patients with musculoskeletal pain; however, the effects of these tools on clinical pain remain unclear. Our objective is therefore to develop a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of MI and AO regarding pain intensity on patients with musculoskeletal pain. Databases and data treatment MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched. Last search was run on July 2019. Meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effectiveness on pain intensity in patients with post-surgical pain or chronic pain, and GRADE was used to rate the quality, certainty, and applicability of the evidence.