A 58-year-old male patient, previously healthy, presented with right flank pain of few hours duration. Initial workup showed an elevated creatinine and right hydroureteronephrosis. Computed tomography imaging revealed a retroperitoneal soft tissue mass encasing the right common iliac artery which is a first reported case in its anatomical distribution. Patient was referred to interventional radiology service where a percutaneous nephrostomy tube was placed followed by double J stenting. Subsequently, treatment with steroids was started. Follow up imaging a few months later revealed progressive resolution of the inflammatory process.