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2020 Apr 05

Eur J Pharmacol


6-Methoxyflavanone abate cisplatin-induced neuropathic pain apropos anti-inflammatory mechanisms: A behavioral and molecular simulation study.


Akbar S, Subhan F, Shahid M, Wadood A, Shahbaz N, Farooq U, Ayaz M, Raziq N
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Apr 05; 872:172972.
PMID: 32006559.


Cisplatin is used as a first line therapy in treating cancers. However, its use is often accompanied with the development of peripheral neuropathy. 6-Methoxyflavanone (6-MeOF) is a positive allosteric modulator at GABAA receptors and is known for attenuating diabetes-induced neuropathic pain. Neuropathy was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats (150-250 g), via intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin (3 mg/kg) once a week for four consecutive weeks. 6-MeOF (25, 50 and 75 mg/kg, i.p) and gabapentin (75 mg/kg, i.p) were administered 30 min before each cisplatin injection. Static and dynamic allodynia were assessed using von Frey filaments and cotton buds. The anti-inflammatory activity was analyzed with plethysmometer. Body weights were also measured each week. The binding affinity of 6-MeOF with chloride channel, Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was studied using docking approach. The in vitro COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitory effect of 6-MeOF was conducted with COX colorimetric assay. Administration of cisplatin for four consecutive weeks induced static (decreased paw withdrawal threshold; PWT) and dynamic allodynia (decreased paw withdrawal latency; PWL). Co-administration of 6-MeOF for four weeks significantly attenuated the cisplatin-induced expression of nocifensive behaviors observed as significant increase in PWT and PWL. Moreover, it also prevented the body weight loss induced by cisplatin administration. In silico studies depicted a good interaction of 6-MeOF with chloride ion channels and COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes. The in vitro study confirmed the inhibitory activity of 6-MeOF for COX-1 and COX-2.6-MeOF may be effective in attenuating cisplatin-induced allodynia, probably through interaction with GABAergic receptors and reducing inflammation.