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2020 07

Minerva Anestesiol



Drugs for anaesthesia and analgesia in the preterm infant.


Tesoro S, Marchesini V, Fratini G, Engelhardt T, De Robertis E
Minerva Anestesiol. 2020 07; 86(7):742-755.
PMID: 32000473.


There is largely an absence of validated evidence-based therapies in term- and preterm newborn infants, due to a lack of pharmacological clinical trials. As a consequence, the drugs and doses used in clinical practice are extrapolated from dose-ranging trials performed in older patients. Drugs administered to the preterm infant are invariably off-label. The aim of this current review is to identify commonly used anaesthetic and analgesic agents in this patient population, assess the existing evidence base, in terms of safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, current indications and doses.