Contemporary interventional treatment of primary chronic venous disease (CVD) is mainly focused on the treatment of venous reflux. The long-term results of endovenous ablation (EVA) and high ligation and stripping are not different with respect to varicose vein recurrence, and this recurrence appears to be a manifestation of disease progression. Since inflammation is one of the key mechanisms of CVD development and progression, efforts to minimize inflammation and angiogenic potential in endovenous and surgical procedures are worthwhile. As techniques continue to be refined, surgery remains a valid option; in particular, the techniques that minimize trauma can be beneficial regarding recurrence. Medical treatment with venoactive drug therapy such as micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF; Daflon), which has proven clinical benefits in patients with CVD, can be used before and after EVA or surgery to minimize inflammation, pain, hemorrhage, and reduce CVD symptoms.